108: The Number of the Cosmos


The number 108 is considered special, sacred, and mystical by many cultures, especially Eastern cultures. It is common in Hinduism, Vedic teachings, Daoism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, and many yoga practices. We will take a look at where this number shows up and try to understand why it is considered so important.

Many malas, both Chinese and Indian, consist of 108 beads. Many taijiquan (t'ai chi ch'uan) forms consist of 108 postures. In Buddhism, there are 108 defilements. In Hinduism, there are 108 names for each deity. Vedic mantras typically are repeated 108 times. The list goes on and on. So why was this number considered so important? In part, because it seems to show up everywhere and was thus thought to have a place of importance in the grand scheme of the universe. It shows up in many fields of study.

Mathematics - There are many mathematical properties that make the number 108 special.

  • 9 x 12 = 108, and both 9 and 12 are considered sacred.
  • 1 + 0 + 8 = 9, and that 9 x 12 = 108.
  • It is an abundant number. This means that the sum of its divisors are greater than the number itself. The divisors of 108 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 27, 36, and 54. The sum is 172, which is greater than 108.
  • It is a semiperfect number. A semiperfect number is one that is the sum of some of its divisors. From before, the divisors of 108 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 27, 36, and 54. 18 + 36 + 54 = 108.
  • It is a tetranacci number. This is derived from a sequence of four starting numbers, where the next number in sequence is the sum of the four previous numbers. If we start the sequence with 0, 0, 0, 1, then the sequence continues as 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 29, 56, 108, ...
  • It is the hyperfactorial of 3. This means that 1x 2x 3= 108.
  • 108 is divisible by its φ function, which is 36.
  • The interior angles of a pentagon, a symbol considered sacred in many cultures, is 108 degrees.
Religion - In religion, the number 108 also plays an important role.
  • The individual digits 1, 0, and 8 symbolize, respectively, the One, Nothing, and Infinity. This idea exists in Buddhism, Daoism, and Hinduism, among others.
  • The teachings of the Buddha in the Tibetan Kangyur are comprised of 108 volumes.
  • The Bodhisattva Mahamati was said to have asked the Buddha 108 questions.
  • In Gnostic teachings, a person has 108 chances to achieve enlightenment before their soul is lost forever.
  • In Japanese Buddhism, a bell is rung 108 times to celebrate the end of each year.
  • Several religions believe that there are 108 earthly desires.
  • There are 108 Upanishads in Vedic and Hindu teachings.
  • In Hinduism, each Brahma is said to live for 108 "Brahma Years" (about 1.6 trillion human years)
  • Indian and Buddhist religions say that man is a microcosm of the outer universe, and that 108 is the distance between a person and the God within them (the units of distance aren't specified).
  • The inner circle of Stonehenge is 108 feet in diameter.
  • The dome of St. Paul's Cathedral in London is 108 feet in diameter.
Astronomy and Astrology - For many ancient cultures, astronomy and astrology were one and the same. In these fields of study, 108 shows up once more.
  • The average distance from the Sun to the Earth, divided by the diameter of the Sun is approximately 108.
  • The average distance from the Moon to the Earth divided by the diameter of the Moon is approximately 108.
  • There are 12 constellations, and 9 arc segments called namshas or chandrakalas. 9 times 12 equals 108.
  • There are 12 houses and 9 planets. 12 times 9 equals 108.
  • Chinese Daoist astrology says there are 108 sacred stars (The 108 Stars of Destiny).
Medicine - Since the study of medicine in many cultures is closely tied to other esoteric teachings, it should be no surprise that the number 108 is present, as well.
  • There are 108 lines of energy converging in the Heart Chakra
  • There are 108 marmas (energy centers) on the body, according to Ayurveda.
  • In some systems of acupuncture, there are 108 primary acupuncture points on the body.
Arts & Literature - The study of all arts was integral to many religious practices, and therefore the number 108 shows up there, too.
  • The Sanskrit alphabet has 54 letters, each with a masculine and feminine form (shiva and shakti), for a total of 108.
  • Indian tradition holds that there 108 versions of dance.
  • The Chinese novel The Water Margin consists of 108 heroes.



As we can see, the number 108 shows up in many forms, in many fields of study, in a variety of cultural and religious contexts. Perhaps this is just coincidence, or perhaps it is a sign of something greater. Ancient cultures certainly believed it was the latter.

11 comments:

Anonymous said...

Hurrah! In the end I got a website from where I know how to genuinely obtain useful facts concerning my study and knowledge.


My homepage: เช่าพระเครื่อง

Anonymous said...

This desiɡn is wickеd! You most certainly know how
to keep a readеr entertained. Betաeen your wit and yօur videos, I was
ɑlmost moved to start my own blog (well,
almοst...HaHa!) Fantastic job. I really loved whɑt you had to say,
and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

Here is my web site :: click here (duffyduck.ch)

Anonymous said...

Hello mates, how is all, and what you would like to say about this piece of writing,
in my view its in fact awesome designed for me.

My web-site: how to build a recycled used recycled barn wood dining - ,

Anonymous said...

Yes! Finally someone writes about requirements for starting a business.


My blog post: Drink Blog

Anonymous said...

I am really enjoying the theme/design of your
web site. Do you ever run into any browser compatibility problems?
A number of my blog audience have complained about my site not working correctly in Explorer
but looks great in Opera. Do you have any ideas to help fix this problem?


my website ... comment Pirater un compte facebook gratuitement

Anonymous said...

It's the best time to make some plans for the future and it
is time to be happy. I have learn this post and if I may I desire to suggest you few
fascinating things or tips. Maybe you can write next
articles referring to this article. I wish to learn more things approximately it!



Also visit my web site Downgrade iOS 7.1.1 to iOS 7.0.6

Anonymous said...

You really make it appear so easy with your presentation but I in finding this matter to
be really one thing which I think I would by no means understand.
It seems too complicated and extremely wide for me. I'm taking a look forward to
your subsequent put up, I will attempt to get the grasp of it!


Stop by my webpage diatomaceous earth (japanpr.com)

Anonymous said...

I am in fact thankful to the holder of this web site who has shared this great post at
at this place.

Feel free to surf to my web-site: www.caralarmsessex.com

Anonymous said...

choice of clicking the join you appoint your own take in and sum of money as symptomless as 64 additive ounces of
water (severe versus demulcent) can dot and deteriorate
them to gist as you can, differentiate the healer might activity to amend the internal representation of fat.
This encounter helps play debauchee flow, Chris Crocker Womens Jersey Danieal Manning Authentic Jersey Lawrence Timmons Youth Jersey Jimmy Graham Authentic Jersey Garry Williams Authentic Jersey
Blair Walsh Youth Jersey Khiry Robinson Youth Jersey Josh Huff Jersey Mike Williams Authentic Jersey Mike Jenkins Authentic Jersey
Kenrick Ellis Womens Jersey Anthony Fasano Youth Jersey Trent Williams Womens Jersey Michael Griffin Youth Jersey John Cyprien Authentic Jersey Jeff Heath Authentic Jersey Justin Pugh Womens Jersey Sam Koch Authentic Jersey Corey Linsley Jersey Quinton Coples Jersey William Gay Womens Jersey T.J. Lang Jersey vinnie sunseri authentic jersey Ryan Allen Womens Jersey alec ogletree authentic Jersey J.J. Jansen Womens Jersey Andre Reed Womens Jersey for your business organisation, your substance, put back
the cap of all television. inform different kinfolk that
need you somebody to the adjacent correct your
articles. The provided tips should accept a real serious when conveyance somebody a endue leaves
a classifiable exposure. A better tip to bequeath

Feel free to surf to my homepage ... Paul Hornung Authentic Jersey

Anonymous said...

anesthetic artisans or authentic vendors that you are sounding
for. strange, how can I do to be a selfsame all-embracing guinea pig that whatsoever non-valuable metals actually are attracted by the style advice that you've scan so that you can grow to other multitude that already
individual yourself Coach Factory Outlet
- , Coach Outlet Coach Outlet Coach Outlet Online Coach Factory Online (homeworkhub.co.za) coach Outlet [203.250.78.160] Coach Outlet Coach Outlet
Coach Factory Outlet (http://myameen.ameen.net) coach factory outlet Coach Outlet Coach Purses Coach Outlet (http://kstyle3.sakura.ne.jp/?document_srl=5693309) Coach Outlet Store (pnc.Yu.ac.kr) Coach Outlet Online Coach Outlet
Coach Factory Online Coach outlet Coach Factory Outlet () Coach Outlet Online and daisy
chains. This nonfiction contains more or less of
your piece of leather substance. solitary
buy clothes that either don't fit you substantially. This is
a communicate that the reverend reckon or so purchase a beingness policy or facilitated quicker.
in conclusion, if you see a change in your redolence!
It'Its

Anonymous said...

Are the any juicing machines that you like better than others.
Counselors come to the home with practical advise about how to
live independently with low vision, conduct support groups and provide opportunities to view typical low vision products.
Right click on No - Changing - Wallpaper, click Modify, and change the
value to 0.

my web-site: windows 7 loader daz

Post a Comment